C++ Rest Api Client Example

Start by looking at the big picture If you would like to get a big picture of the specification document, take a look at the 3. Spring Boot file upload example – Ajax and REST. Fluent/Generic Client Annotation Client Interceptors (client) Client Configuration Client Examples JAX-RS Client & Alternate HTTP Providers RESTful Server Using RESTful Server RESTful Operations Narrative Generator Interceptors (server) Security CORS Support Web Testing UI JAX-RS Support. Use the AWS CLI to make Amazon S3 API calls. In this article, we will cover how to call REST API in Python without using REST Python client. This tutorial builds on our previous examples, specifically: Authenticating to a REST API and allows you to make POST requests to a REST API. She asked for examples of how other IT companies publish their API. URL package, leveraging client API of RESTful frameworks like Jersey, Resteasy, Spring Rest, etc. So, we have seen in this RESTful APIs tutorial that the removal of the 10 oldest records from a database is a poor use of the DELETE method, and the incrementation of a number is a bad application of the PUT method. The rest of this blog post reviews a simple example of using a code generator for RAML. The example RESTful server I wrote before used only Flask as a dependency. Route configurations are determined by attributes. In this tutorial, we'd like to show how to create a Java REST client using Spring RestTemplate. Let's start with runtime dependencies which you will need to write these REST APIs. It basically allows you to describe your REST API using its constructs. They present the developer with an application interface to work against, rather than working directly with the network interface. For programming with threads, see Section 27. We neet to set the Authorization header for the basic http auth mechanism. ExecuteAsync extracted from open source projects. In this new article, we will see how to connect Java to REST API using a simple connector. NET in order to create a backend application that pulls from a Web API. Example of making HTTP REST Request in C++. For example, say your API has an endpoint for cars, /api/cars. NET, and Java / Android. Whether you're new to Postman or a seasoned power user, the forum is a great place to post questions and share ideas on a variety of API development topics with fellow Postman users and the Postman team. The project and the source code can be downloaded here: You must login to see this link. You can rate examples to help us improve the quality of examples. Hi; I have a restful client that I created in C# using web api 2. So if you are working with a client or device which does not have an API for Azure IOT, you can still use Azure IOT due to the REST API exposed both for sending messages to Azure IOT Hub and also receiving them. NET Web Api Help Page is installed to generate help page content for the web APIs on your site. Conceptually, the SOAP client is almost identical to Example 3. ) and the portion of the URI that describes the resource and the REST API version number. By checking this box you consent to Progress contacting you by email about your response on this page. The OData client is generated using a T4 template. The API provides a easy to use set of default options, but also provides a deep extensibility infrastructure to meet the demands of any scenario using HTTP. For information on Oauth, I would suggest looking through the article Force. Example Client. Formats of data interchanged between client and server. 6 C API Function Descriptions 23. 7 C API Prepared Statements 23. On sending a message, whether the message is RESTful or not, can be decided from the client API. NET, Web API, Windows 8, WinRT, XAML. To generate REST API credentials for the sandbox and live. Authorization. If you are building web services that interact with a database, chances are they are not written in a scalable fashion. It is a set of rules that allow programs to talk to each other. Debug APIs like a human, not a robot. With APIs, applications converse with each other with no client learning or intervention. Solved: Hey there, I want to get all issue keys of a project via Rest. Pushover uses a simple, versioned REST API to receive messages and broadcast them to devices running our device clients. The main GitLab API is a REST API. In addition to the described layers, we have several important concepts. The article walks through using the Casablanca REST API library to consume a REST web service from C++ code In my example, I need to include a Rest client to. This section describes the Octopus Deploy REST API, which is a comprehensive API that can be used to automate your Octopus Deploy Server. If you're a developer, or just someone interested in coding with FHIR, then this is the page for you to read! In this tutorial we'll walk you through doing all of the tutorials you've been doing with Postman programatically. net, #swagger. Straight to Experiment. Choose a Prometheus client library that matches the language in which your application is written. The client data model is mainly used in the REST API layer. Click below to add additional parameters. Retrofit is a REST Client for Java and Android. For now, we will use existing Node. Below are some examples for using the Gateway URL with your favorite HTTP client. This example shows how to use the RESTful API and JSON by providing two separate implementations—one using JavaScript ® and the other using Python ®. In PowerShell version 3, the cmdlets Invoke-RestMethod and Invoke-WebRequest where introduced. 0 Client; Fetch all public trades. In production, you’ll get all types of malformed requests from 3rd party clients, so you need to handle those situations. Calling Rest API. In this article, my goal is to make the most comprehensive list of ways to consume RESTful APIs in your C# projects and show you how to do that on some simple examples. I am trying to write a client in C# that I can access that restful service. Java Client for the Web Api Service. use the REST API. It lets the developer focus on interacting with APIs instead of sifting through curl set_opt pages and is an ideal PHP REST client. In a REST API, this app would usually hit the /users endpoint and receive a JSON array with user data. API Development in Python is a very easy task. js, Express. Documentation on Invoke-RestMethod says the cmdlet was introduced in PS 3. Pistache provides both an HTTP client and server that can be used to create and query complex web and REST APIs. NET Web API frameworks. Using the C++ REST SDK, you can create an HTTP client that can connect to HTTP server, send requests and handle responses. AllowWriteStreamBuffering property for managing content buffering on a client side. For example, all strings represented in JSON, whether they are properties or values, must be enclosed in double-quotes. Table of Contents 1 - Java REST client example 1 2 - Java REST client example 2a 3 - Java REST client example 2b 4 - Java REST clients using the Apache HttpClient library In this article I share some source code for some simple Java REST clients that use the Apache HttpClient project. Http and System. For example, if the resource path is set as /books/{isbn}, a PathParameters element is added to the activity input. Power-Up Launch Playbook. Straight to Experiment. As RESTful web services don't follow a prescribed standard except for HTTP, it's important to build your RESTful API in accordance with industry best practices to ease development and increase client adoption. It allows me to pull my latest tweets and display them. Hi, this is Andy Rich from the C++ QA team. You can use a client library for the programming language you are using. Get All Users from JIRA REST API with C#. The ONVIF API is a suite of SOAP/XML schemas that let developers automatically generate client and server side stubs. 0 examples here , specifically the Petstore OpenAPI specification document. and the yaws_api module provides the request_url function to easily Although the example almost reaches REST in a really simple way. Community-maintained client libraries; To write applications using the Kubernetes REST API, you do not need to implement the API calls and request/response types yourself. kubectl handles locating and authenticating to the API server. This tutorial shows how to call a web API from a. In this tutorial we’ll use Alamofire, a rich networking library, to interact with web services but you can also use iOS’s URLSession to make REST calls. For example, Advanced REST Client, Postman, and REST Client. Modern API. NET MVC 4 Web Application-> name it as CustomerApp and click Ok. developerforce. Java Client for the Web Api Service. They are the standard method to expose databases to clients and knowing how to develop a REST API is a necessity at all. In any rest API client. Any time you see API documentation containing the URI of the resources you want to interact with, it is not RESTful. Swagger aides in development across the entire API lifecycle, from design and documentation, to test and deployment. NET Web API, which exclusively supports REST, use the. js, and MongoDB RESTful API from our GitHub repository or if you have PostgreSQL installed on your machine, you can get this RESTful API application. It also keeps track of what you have already typed, and allows to make a collection to reuse. REST API: What is it, and what are its advantages in project development? in REST API with a practical example of a the client and the server: the REST. The Jersey JAX-RS RI provides a client API for developing RESTful Web services clients. NET clients that interact with RESTful HTTP services. This is available as a NuGet package, Microsoft. Is there a good starting point for a C++ REST server library (plus a client API for unit testing)? Lastly, I've worked with libwebsockets in the past: is it a library that's suitable for a REST server?. Accessing a third-party REST service inside a Spring application revolves around the use of the Spring RestTemplate class. These can be generated from Apiary, OpenAPI, RAML or WSDL specifications. This means, for example, that any new client binary that drives the libsvn_client interface needs to first convert paths from the locale-specific encoding to UTF-8 before passing those paths to the Subversion libraries, and then reconvert any resultant output paths from Subversion back into the locale's encoding before using those paths for non. Using the documentation as reference you can work perform any of the API calls just make sure you have an authenticated session. Both docker/docker and nlopes/slack are examples of two decent-sized API clients. Dear readers, here is a list of top 20 REST API interview questions and answers for software testers. What is REST API? To make it simple, REST API defines a set of functions to which the developers can perform requests and receive responses. We take advantage of the power and productivity offered in C++11 while providing a cross-platform solution. Web services based either on WCF, which supports both SOAP and REST, or on ASP. 9 Single Broker 3. Nexus Provides a separate REST API to retrieve files when interpreting the maven-metadata. Naturally, this means updating any references returned in other requests, so any arrays for "cars" would change to "automobiles" throughout the rest of. js application: // A ready-to-use S3 Client const S3 = require ('aws-sdk/clients/s3'). If you are a non-US developer, see International Developer Questions. use the REST API. API stands for Application Programming Interface. An example REST API client for C#. Multiple path parameters can be defined in a similar way. Next up let us create our Java project using Eclipse or your favorite Java IDE. io or on irc. In this post, we will consume two type of HTTP methods GET and POST. JIRA Developer Documentation : JIRA REST API Example - OAuth authentication. Find out more about API basics and sandbox accounts. Delete using REST API. cs) in the Models Folder. There is a debate whether HttpClient should be wrapped in using block or statically on the app level. Does any one have a working C# sample that uses the REST API via HttpWebRequest to get all the docs in a specified collection? I can't seem to create the request correctly and always get a 400 status code back (Bad request). Flexible RESTful API design. The rest of this blog post reviews a simple example of using a code generator for RAML. 6, "libmysqld, the Embedded MySQL Server Library". Hence we will skip the details of chat server code. (See our Beginner's Guide to HTTP and REST for a primer. This tutorial show you how to use Jersey client APIs to create a RESTful Java client to perform “GET” and “POST” requests to REST service that created in this “Jersey + Json” example. Web APIs, and more particularly RESTful APIs, have become very popular in the last few years by the hand of large sites like Fakebook, Twitter or Github, who give developers the opportunity to extend their services with a wide variety of applications and services. Develop your first ASP. Characteristics of REST Architecture: It is a client and server model so there must be client and server in the architecture. Writing a REST client in Python. Client libraries. Open and edit `src/app/api. These values are used by your app to uniquely establish its identity with the QuickBooks Online platform. Almost every REST API must have some sort of authentication. we are working on the OpenWire CPP Client. In my previous post I shown how you can build a C++ application with the C++ REST SDK that fetches search results from a search engine. All the examples given in the other answers here, contain URIs identifying resources in the API. It is a set of rules that allow programs to talk to each other. Accessing MongoDB Data with REST. REST API Design: Filtering, Sorting, and Pagination Updated: April 23, 2019 11 minute read API design is becoming a core pillar of API product strategy regardless if the API is public or used internally. Use the AWS CLI to make Amazon S3 API calls. Sometimes you really have no way to map the action to a sensible RESTful structure. Does that mean we can't do these things with a RESTful API? No, not at all. Examples using the Docker Engine SDKs and Docker API Estimated reading time: 22 minutes After you install Docker, you can install the Go and Python SDKs and also try out the Docker Engine API. Characteristics of REST Architecture: It is a client and server model so there must be client and server in the architecture. With the release of Delphi XE5 I’ve made the source of the Mobile REST Client Demo available. Black box testing - Tests are developed based on specifications and without any knowledge of the code. Rest API can be tested with tools like: Advanced Rest Client; Postman-Rest Client; Curl in Linux; Here we will be using Advanced Rest Client, below are the steps to get Advance Rest Client, How to get Advanced Rest Client. However, how it handles the failure depends on the specific scenario and which service is failing. The project and the source code can be downloaded here: You must login to see this link. Sentence is processed after receiving zero length word. Do I need to do the same thing? I thought I can do it whiteout the need to code in C++. Please consider disabling your ad blocker for Java4s. Last chance to register for TensorFlow World, Oct 28-31. It provides a flexible and extensible API for accessing all things exposed through HTTP. DELETE Tutorial/Tutorialid- When a client invokes this Restful API, the client will submit a request to delete a Tutorialname based on the Tutorialid. Client class and then use that instance to access the Web resource and send HTTP requests. XML Example: Get the Current List of Faults in the Fabric. » HTTP Methods Consul's API aims to be RESTful, although there are some exceptions. Welcome to the Pocket API. When a client connects to a server, it sends a GET request to upgrade the connection to a WebSocket from a simple HTTP request. NET developers prefer to build them through the Web API Framework, which let’s be honest it. on July 12, 2013 • ( 8) Restful Services are getting more and more popular in our days and. NET Web API is a framework to build APIs to provide web services for a broad range of clients. NET Key for Windows/Xamarin/Unity). Making use of a REST API obviously involves using the Internet. For example, a client may be authorized to interact with some, but not all of a REST API’s resources. If the example code provided with the client library is not enough and the documentation listed on the GitHub page does not explain it well enough here is a quick intro on how to get started using the client library with the WooCommerce REST API. NET model you had to work with previously turning a request into a concise one liner similar to curl (Which is also an alias for Invoke-WebRequest in PowerShell). Coding a RESTful API example on the Raspberry Pi We're now going to build an example client-server application using our Raspberry Pi as the server. The Microsoft C++ REST SDK project has moved to Github at Microsoft/cpprestsdk which says: The C++ REST SDK is a Microsoft project for cloud-based client-server communication in native code using a modern asynchronous C++ API design. config; Then you are ready to understand the Code. swift implements Swift client on Go. Introduction to the C++ REST SDK. Python rest example example_rest. This tutorial covers how to develop some Java REST client examples using OkHttp, an HTTP & HTTP/2 client for Android and Java applications. Community-maintained client libraries; To write applications using the Kubernetes REST API, you do not need to implement the API calls and request/response types yourself. The canonical reference for building a production grade API with Spring. And also on client side. as its used for the rest of the requests. Postman is a HTTP client tool for testing web services calls. NET Thread Pool to respond to requests. If you are a non-US developer, see International Developer Questions. Using C# to Implement a Fluent Interface to Any REST API Elmer Thomas May 26, 2016 • 1 min read All 7 SendGrid API client libraries have been updated to contain as few dependencies as possible. This article provides complete information including a real-time example to implement REST API calling from SQL Server using C# SQL CLR. DELETE Tutorial/Tutorialid- When a client invokes this Restful API, the client will submit a request to delete a Tutorialname based on the Tutorialid. It is designed to show up how you can consume a JSON REST Service and adapt it into a DataSet and then bind that to the UI. This article is part 3 of the SitePoint Angular 2+ Tutorial on how to create a CRUD App with the Angular CLI. Overfetching means that a client downloads more information than is actually required in the app. In addition to the described layers, we have several important concepts. Upload buffering. To build this full REST example, we need to create three source files on our Raspberry Pi: The server-side Javascript code, a simple HTML page, and some client-side Javascript. use the OpenWire C Client which is only available in ActiveMQ 4. There are different ways to build RESTful services with CXF. In this article, we’ll update our application to communicate with a REST API back end. For example, just to get the data, a process of creating a socket, making a connection, reading a single response, and closing the connection, is just too much. Getting Started with RESTful Web Services. When you select "Send REST API Request from your Browser" mode, it creates HTTP requests on the client side, your browser directly launches requests, the calls are cross domain. The canonical reference for building a production grade API with Spring. Using our widgets example again…. Microsoft C++ REST SDK version 1. Example of making HTTP REST Request in C++. Other Delightful Ways To Market You Power-Up. js, Go, Ruby, and. Please also feel free to help fill out information on the features the client supports, level of activity of the project, level of documentation, etc. js, and MongoDB RESTful API from our GitHub repository or if you have PostgreSQL installed on your machine, you can get this RESTful API application. In order to document the Spring MVC Rest API’s mention the following maven dependencies into the pom. net mvc, the article shows you how to create web api in visual studio 2017. Getting Started with client. Build RESTful Service in Java using JAX-RS and Jersey (Celsius to Fahrenheit & Fahrenheit to Celsius) How to Create RESTful Java Client With Jersey Client – Example ; How to Create RESTful Java Client With Java. But I wondered If this can be made from a C# Console Program. With Sandbox you can quickly stub RESTful API or SOAP web services. If you are familiar with SQL, you can easily access to REST API or JSON using simple SQL queries. REST is a simple way to organize interactions between independent systems. Imagine for example a screen that needs to display a list of users only with their names. Open the Serial Monitor in the IDE once you've programmed the board. The C++ REST SDK is a Microsoft project for cloud-based client-server communication in native code using a modern asynchronous C++ API design. Visually test any API, Restlet is Now Part of Talend REST APIs. A redis client based on hiredis, supports cluster/pipeline and is thread safe and includes two files only. Hi; I have a restful client that I created in C# using web api 2. When you create a new ASP. Reuse API keys or session IDs. A step-by-step tutorial on how to work with Visual Studio and. Microsoft has documented the REST API in the Service Bus REST API Reference, but there are not a ton of imperative examples out there that show WebClient or HttpWebRequest, so the purpose of this post is to share some nitty gritty examples of how to get some of the most common operations done in C#. REST XML, JSON OAuth OAuth the API supports OpenSocial API, which is "a common API for social applications" Google Maps JavaScript no real Web service API, but a JavaScript library to be used within a browser Google Search Ajax, REST JavaScript (Ajax), JSON (REST) none required. Boom! So there you have it, 7 quick and easy scripts to GET and parse data from the DreamFactory REST API. Using C# to Implement a Fluent Interface to Any REST API Elmer Thomas May 26, 2016 • 1 min read All 7 SendGrid API client libraries have been updated to contain as few dependencies as possible. Writing a REST Client in Ruby Tutorial describing how to write a REST client in Ruby using the rest-client gem, that talks to the public Twitter Trends API. I am trying to write a client in C# that I can access that restful service. Specially were going to use our Windows Forms. It also shows values of com. Table of Contents 1 - Java REST client example 1 2 - Java REST client example 2a 3 - Java REST client example 2b 4 - Java REST clients using the Apache HttpClient library In this article I share some source code for some simple Java REST clients that use the Apache HttpClient project. Other alternative mechanisms to communicate using. The project and the source code can be downloaded here: You must login to see this link. For example, say your API has an endpoint for cars, /api/cars. Develop your first ASP. Learn Python online: Python tutorials for developers of all skill levels, Python books and courses, Python news, code examples, articles, and more. ts` then add this import of HttpClient that part of @angular/common/http. Includes representative code snippets and examples for our Python, Java, PHP, Node. Does this happen in Qt Quick?. Sample code: require 'rest-client Can we able to pull the remediation tickets in qualys VM platform using postman API client endpoint url to the third. Here is a base client class I whipped up that provides a generic interface to the Web API service. Overfetching means that a client downloads more information than is actually required in the app. Here, we will be talking about an example to create a Web API and call it, using a desktop client application. Once instantiated you are then able to submit API commands (e. Introduction For today's post, we're going to do a REST call towards an Azure API. Designing REST API for the Tweeting API. Enabling Cross Origin Requests for a RESTful Web Service. Conclusion. Read the WebDAV Server Engine documentation to find how to build a server that supports file uploads over 2 GB. (C++) Simple REST Example (dev. To create a standalone application which includes the "server" and "client" in the same program (and does not communicate with an external MySQL server), see Section 27. Something else you may have noticed is that the API endpoint was used over and over again in each of the client calls without requiring a single line of server-side code, awesome!. Documentation on Invoke-RestMethod says the cmdlet was introduced in PS 3. Making Requests Using the REST API. example and consuming-rest as the Group and Artifact, respectively. You can also use Stomp from many other languages like. Open your Visual Studio - click on File -> New Project -> Select Web template -> choose ASP. In this blog, I will focus on the server side: How to implement a REST API as ABAP request handler. Then, in your Electron app, require and use the module as if you were building a Node. 8 C API Prepared Statement Data Structures 23. Octopus Deploy integrates with a wide range of continuous integration/build servers, scripts,. Services provided by UDP are typically used where a client needs to make a short query of a server and expects a single short response. The following links are pre-requisites to get familiar with the C++ Rest SDK. NET Web Api Help Page is installed to generate help page content for the web APIs on your site. Introduction to the C++ REST SDK. IG’s APIs allow you to utilise technology developed by a global leader in online financial trading. Now you can write C# code to call the OpenShift REST API. Generate from API definitions, instant deploy, collaborative build, and debugging tools for API integration. This article will present my thoughts. Invoke REST API activity supports both Path and Query parameters. Let’s see one by one. Getting started with REST Web Service API Starting with version 4. Multiple path parameters can be defined in a similar way. Debug APIs like a human, not a robot. for Firefox. Next step is add body to our request create model that is expected in API controller, and finally last line, execute our request. NET Web API Client Libraries to consume a RESTful service. View the Project on GitHub restsharp/RestSharp. This section describes the Octopus Deploy REST API, which is a comprehensive API that can be used to automate your Octopus Deploy Server. Next up let us create our Java project using Eclipse or your favorite Java IDE. In this section, you will design this API with the REST API design tool. We take advantage of the power and productivity offered in C++11 while providing a cross-platform solution. There are different ways to build RESTful services with CXF. Login with Google Plus Javascript API Example by Ravishanker Kusuma in Tutorials Mar 20th 2014 · 0 Comments In this tutorial, I have covered how to implement Login with Google plus using Google JavaScript API. You can use a client library for the programming language you are using. on July 12, 2013 • ( 8) Restful Services are getting more and more popular in our days and. Apart from that this approach makes the server side code complex, unnecessarily. Modern API. RestClient extracted from open source projects. Before we proceed to examples, let’s choose some very simple public REST API to consume. By checking this box you consent to Progress contacting you by email about your response on this page. Building a back-end API layer introduces a whole new layer of coordination between server and client code. REST API Web architectural style with a set of constraints Web service APIs that adhere to the constraints - RESTful Frontend REST API Backend External system(s) External system(s) 10. Choose Between REST API and MQTT API. For programming with threads, see Section 27. Debug APIs like a human, not a robot. Using the created API, you can easily add per-client throttles and metering to any Lambda function, stage and version your functions, generate custom SDKs, and integrate with open-source tools like Swagger. Hi friends, here is another useful post where I will show you a simple Python Rest API Example. M-Files API is included within the installation of the M-Files software. I am trying to write a client in C# that I can access that restful service. It is best for OData service exploration, when all you need to. For now, we will use existing Node. Few things like client context or how client will use the resource representation is almost impossible to determine. Swagger aides in development across the entire API lifecycle, from design and documentation, to test and deployment. config; Then you are ready to understand the Code. In the examples in this topic, the JSON and XML structures have been expanded with line feeds, spaces, and indentations for readability. Example: Monitoring Using the REST API. The C++ REST SDK is a Microsoft project for cloud-based client-server communication in native code using a modern asynchronous C++ API design. Does your company write an API for its software? If the answer is yes, then you absolutely need to test it — and fortunately for you, this tutorial explains step-by-step how to conduct automated API testing using tools like Postman, Newman, Jenkins and qTest Manager. SendGrid offers a Web API that allows customers to retrieve information about their account such as statistics, bounces, spam reports, unsubscribes, and other information. It allows me to pull my latest tweets and display them. NET Web API frameworks. This is due to the fact that REST allows you to interact with minimal overhead with clients as diverse as mobile phones and other websites. So the REST API that we talk about today are basically nothing but REST System build over HTTP. use the OpenWire C Client which is only available in ActiveMQ 4. Run a container. Documentation on Invoke-RestMethod says the cmdlet was introduced in PS 3. The example RESTful server I wrote before used only Flask as a dependency. com) REST through HTTP Proxy (Amazon S3) REST through SOCKS Proxy (Amazon S3). It provides a flexible and extensible API for accessing all things exposed through HTTP. 0 and iOS 10. I was playing around with PiCloud's REST API and had a bit of fun writing a C client for it. The API itself is just going to be simple CRUD (create, read, update, delete) loosely based on Microsoft’s tutorial. This post will focus on a brief introduction to RESTful APIs, then an introduction to the plumber package and how it can be used to expose R services as API endpoints. The web API testing interview questions below have been collected from the test professionals to help you get ready for a new role. Fire up visual studio and choose "ASP. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: