Square D Calculator

How to find out the volume of a cylinder. This carbon dioxide emission calculator will help you gain an approximate idea of how many tons of carbon dioxide some of your activities generate and how many trees it would take to offset those emissions - free to use! Webmasters - get this script for your site. For those with a technical background, the following section explains how the Derivative Calculator works. Your helpful companion for everything Guild Wars 2 related. The calculation takes three steps, allowing you to see how the chi-square statistic is calculated. In Topic 19 of Trigonometry, we introduced the inverse trigonometric functions. Reverse Fad Productions. Calculators and other tools are available for download below. Input MUST have the format: AX 3 + BX 2 + CX + D = 0. Put in any two polynomials and this calculator will multiply them together and show the steps to get the answer. Any lowercase letter may be used as a variable. Squared Calculator. Step 2: Enter the length, width and depth of area to fill (NOTE: depth is in inches, not feet): Step 3: Click Calculate to get amount needed. Estimate how much product your project requires with the calculator below. Tank Weight Calculator. are 120 volts, although. This page provides links to download an array of useful online tools, calculators and visual configurators to make selecting the right product faster, and easier. When sizing conductors, calculations limits wire size to voltage drop and NEC ampacity. 01 Our critical Χ 2 value is 29. This calculator will tell you the critical Chi-square (Χ 2) value associated with a given (right-tail) probability level and the degrees of freedom. Volume of a obelisk. There are also some other important distances on a circle, called the radius (r) and diameter (d) We will need these to calculate the circumference. Figure out how much you are going to have to pay in square fees, or how much to send to make sure the other person gets the correct amount. Rectangle and square calculator. Mold Making & Casting Calculators. Square Feet to Square Meters (ft² to m²) conversion calculator for Area conversions with additional tables and formulas. The chi-square test of goodness of fit is used to test the hypothesis that the total sample N is distributed evenly among all levels of the relevant factor. Input length, width and depth of the area. Earn 5X the National Average Savings Rate. Effect Size Calculator for T-Test. The Log Base 2 Calculator is used to calculate the log base 2 of a number x, which is generally written as lb(x) or log 2 (x). Bolt Circle Calculator: Calculator Menu: Enter values below to calculate the coordinates of the holes in a bolt circle. The intensity of light is inversely proportional to the square of the distance. Enter the target number and click on Calculate. Experience how creativity becomes contribution. This Hypothesis Testing Calculator determines whether an alternative hypothesis is true or not. Users can calculate energy savings at Square D lean tools web site NASHVILLE, Tenn. cubic equation calculator, algebra, algebraic equation calculator. Our calculator can also convert the result to different units. asin inverse sine (arcsine) of a value or expression acos inverse cosine (arccos) of a value or expression atan inverse tangent. Free Complete the Square calculator - complete the square for quadratic functions step-by-step. The symmetry here makes things a little easier. Enter two and calculate the third value quickly. This online calculator will compute and plot the distance and midpoint for two points in two dimensions. For values of df between 1 and 20, inclusive, this section will calculate the proportion of the relevant sampling distribution that falls to the right of a particular value of chi-square. error in a DEM). ★ Calculate percentages, square roots, powers, trigonometric functions! Calculator has a big variety of built-in functions and supports adding new user-defined functions ★ Plot 2D and 3D graphs! Several functions can be plotted simultaneously ★ Use powerful mathematical capabilities of the app: • Do calculations with variables and constants. How to Calculate a Square Root by Hand. Critical Chi-Square Value Calculator. Before clicking in each Ohm's Law calculator for the answer, enter numbers into the equation you wish to use to calculate for Current, Power, Resistance, or Voltage. Enter values in the form, then you can examine the graph to learn how sensitive the required sample size is to the input values you've provided. Actual weight values may vary from those provided here and, though we try to make the values as accurate as possible, Portland Bolt makes no claims about accuracy and accepts no liability resulting from the use of the values provided on this page. How do I Calculate Density? Density and specific gravity in the geosciences An introduction to density Density is the mass of an object divided by its volume. You may need to use a basic calculator to find the square root. Calculator is an indispensable tool for a businessman, financier, family man and even a schoolboy. Creates a series of calculations that can be printed, bookmarked, shared and modified. Formula for a Square/Rectangular Piece: Length x Width x Height. You can enter feet only, inches only or any combination of the two. RC Low-pass Filter Design Tool. 98; Take the square root of the result (Example: 310. Did you find us useful? Please consider supporting the site with a small donation. Explore math with desmos. Estimating the amount of material needed for a project can be a difficult task. The calculator will generate a step-by-step explanation on how to obtain the results. Please read below and contact us with any questions. The densities used to calculate metal weights based on dimesion are taken from reliable sources such as MatWeb and Metal Suppliers Online. Type your algebra problem into the text box. How to Use the Calculator. Solve any equation with this free calculator! Just enter your equation carefully, like shown in the examples below, and then click the blue arrow to get the result! You can solve as many equations as you like completely free. Volume of a. Many internal-gear hubs listed and some of the cassettes are no longer in production. Easily calculate how much paint you'll need to complete your next job or project with Sherwin-Williams' Paint Calculator. Like Square, you can accept Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover. Calculators and Converters. It reveals the elements of the circuit as streamlined shapes, and also the power as well as signal connections in between the gadgets. net's sole focus is to provide fast, comprehensive, convenient, free online calculators in a plethora of areas. Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp. This page provides links to download an array of useful online tools, calculators and visual configurators to make selecting the right product faster, and easier. The computed values are the upper-tail probabilities, in most cases. floor Returns the largest (closest to positive infinity) value that is not greater than the argument and is an integer. Our calculator will round up to the nearest foot. EFFECT SIZE TYPE Chi-square p-value. One of the most common chi-square calculations is determining, given the measured X² value for a set of experiments with a degree of freedom d, the probability of the result being due to chance. Learn more at Sigma Notation. Price $578. This is the radius. Estimating the amount of material needed for a project can be a difficult task. SDK and tools Windows on GitHub. To change square feet to square yards, divide by 9 (1 square yard equals 9 square feet). For higher-order derivatives, certain rules, like the general Leibniz product rule, can speed up calculations. Power Factor Table Calculator – Square D. A result less than 2 is generally considered to be perceptually equivalent. Welcome to The Square Root! We are located at 33 Times Arcade Alley in Brevard, NC 28712. You can use our conversion calculators for quick conversions. Keys: pi, e, standard gravity, gas constant, sin, cos, tan, asin and more. Applications. The best source for this information is the monthly utility bill or other local monitoring equipment. Multiply these together to get the square footage of the room, i. Power Factor Table Calculator - Square D. For each of the next 1,000 square feet, or part thereof, add 1,000W. If you do not know the product density, use the optional density estimator* or contact a local sales representative. With help of this calculator you can: find the matrix determinant, the rank, raise the matrix to a power, find the sum and the multiplication of matrices, calculate the inverse matrix. 554 ounces per cubic inch = 13. A JavaScript for computing the P-values for the the widely used distributions. First, a parser analyzes the mathematical function. ) whose rst term is (a) and common ratio is (γ), i) nthterm= t n= aγn−1. For example, enter 3x+2=14 into the text box to get a step-by-step explanation of how to solve 3x+2=14. For persons 19 and older, use the GFR calculator for adults. Dynamo generators were the first large-scale generators available to deliver large amounts of power to an industrial complex. Calculate Load in Each Phase and Outgoing Feeders. With taxi rates and prices for more than 1000 international locations, Taxi Fare Finder is the proven, trusted trip companion for travelers around the world. Find financial calculators, mortgage rates, mortgage lenders, insurance quotes, refinance information, home equity loans, credit reports and home finance advice. For example, enter 3x+2=14 into the text box to get a step-by-step explanation of how to solve 3x+2=14. The chi-square test provides a method for testing the association between the row and column variables in a two-way table. This is similar to the area of a rectangle but the base is the same length as the height. It calculates the RMS voltage based on the above formulas for each. A mobile app and web-based application to make short-circuit current calculations and help you determine if your equipment installation is compliant with the 2017 NEC SCCR requirements. Calculate square footage of flooring for greenhouse to maximize solar radiation storage. However, you can also accept checks for electronic deposit and generate and send electronic invoices. I T IS NOT NECESSARY to memorize the derivatives of this Lesson. Vegan Calculator - How much have you saved? & A Vegan lifestyle saves animals, the environment and much more. Various BSA calculators use different formulas for calculation. Formula for a Round Piece: Pi x Radius (squared) x Height. Before clicking in each Ohm's Law calculator for the answer, enter numbers into the equation you wish to use to calculate for Current, Power, Resistance, or Voltage. Unless you plan on hiring a professional, you'll want to factor in the costs of supplies like wood and rebar, which can add up to $3. Square Shape. Sample Size Calculator. For example: Measure D x D x H. The steel weights are tweaked for mechanical tubing, and will be less accurate for structural tubing. 75) into the calculator, and hit the Calculate button. The sum of squared deviations, denoted as (X-Xbar) 2 and also referred as sum of squares. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the metric calculators and charts given on this site, we cannot make a guarantee or be held responsible. Square D motor starters and contactors. As you can see, entering the room and stair dimensions into our carpet calculator makes life much easier. The LED series/parallel array wizard is a calculator that will help you design large arrays of LEDs. i) nthterm= t n= a+(n−1)d ii) The sum of the rst (n)terms=S n= n 2 (a+l)= n 2 f2a+(n−1)dg where l=last term= a+(n−1)d. Our calculators are pretty self-explanatory. The sum of squares can be used to find variance. Work through each of the steps to find the standard deviation. Automatic vs. To calculate the price per square foot of your home, divide the total price by the number of square feet. The metal weight calculator from Industrial metal Supply asks for some basic info to calculate the weight in pounds of your metal. Online Calculators and Unit Conversion Tools - Metric-Calculator. 3 Full Load Amps, For Use With Square D NEMA Motor Starters 00, 0, 1, 1P, 2 (1H611)? Grainger's got your back. The Calculator app for Windows 10 is a touch-friendly version of the desktop calculator in previous versions of Windows, and it works on both mobile and desktop devices. 01,14) Calculate left. Enter values in the form, then you can examine the graph to learn how sensitive the required sample size is to the input values you've provided. The calculator reports that the population mean is 112. 99, the area under the curve is 1 - α → 1 - 0. As if by sleight of hand, your simple calculator changes to a full-fledged scientific calculator capable of tackling dozens of complex functions. The Social Security Administration now has a calculator that lets you estimate your retirement benefit by accessing your actual earnings record through a secure interface. Try Chegg Study today!. The Bostik Grout Calculator is a tool used to calculate the approximate amount of grout needed to complete your job. Below is the solution for Square calculation crossword clue. Acme General Purpose Screw Threads per. d varies directly with w and inversely with the square of p In your equation, use k as the constant of proportionality. The Square D QO Value Pack 200 Amp Main Breaker 42-Space 42-Circuit Convertible Indoor Plug-on Neutral Load Center for Plug-on Neutral breakers is UL listed for residential, commercial and industrial power distribution. Directions: Use the calculator above to calculate your square footage. Solve any equation with this free calculator! Just enter your equation carefully, like shown in the examples below, and then click the blue arrow to get the result! You can solve as many equations as you like completely free. The motor full load current calculator calculates the motor full load current from the following parameters: Voltage (V). You can force the calculator to try to evaluate an expression by putting an equals sign (=) after it. The reputation of the "D" logo emblazoned on the company's conduit boxes led the company to choose the name Square D. Free calculators for your every need. Captain Calculator >> Math Calculators How to Calculate Square Numbers. This is accomplished using standard tables and empirical formulas. , if the room is 10 ft x 10 ft, the square footage would be 100. These things appear in angular momentum theory, and can always be expressed as square roots of rational fractions. A mobile app and web-based application to make short-circuit current calculations and help you determine if your equipment installation is compliant with the 2017 NEC SCCR requirements. 2 square miles to acre = 1280 acre. Square D circuit breakers and panels use a square with a capitol D inside as an identification marker. Bookmark or "Favorite" this coaxial cable impedance calculator page by pressing CTRL + D. If it wasn't so symmetric, all you'd have to do is split the vectors up in to x and y components, add them to find the x and y components of the net force, and then calculate the magnitude and direction of the net force from the components. — October 18, 2006 — Schneider Electric announces a Web-based tool to assist facility managers, consulting engineers and operations managers looking for ways to reduce energy consumption without sacrificing productivity. 01,14) Calculate left. Our calculator will round up to the nearest foot. Using the Calculator. Basic Online Calculator with 10-digit keypad and 4 functions to add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers. To use the Concrete Volume Calculator , simply enter the width, length, and thickness of your pour, click on whether you are measuring the thickness in feet or inches, then click on the Calculate button. Enter the dimensions of your shipment (in inches or cm if metric is selected). It is assumed that the object started freefall on the surface of the body (i. Determines wire size to meet specific voltage drop limits or calculates voltage drop for a specific conductor run. Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight. Between a measurement of, say, 1 mm and 2 mm there is a continuous range from 1. You may need to use a basic calculator to find the square root. asin inverse sine (arcsine) of a value or expression acos inverse cosine (arccos) of a value or expression atan inverse tangent. Type of Vehicle; If a pick-up truck was modified, you must select a passenger registration class. g Order Type E thermal units by number from Square D/Schneider Electric, Furnas Electric Company, Batavia, Illinois or a Furnas distributor at $9. A higher BMI increases the risk of weight-related health problems. Volume of a obelisk. Assortment of square d load center wiring diagram. Suppose you're given the data set 1,2,2,4,6. Smith wants a dopamine drip started at 20mcg/kg/min on John Doe in Bed 7. Online Calculators. ) calculated by the "d" function can only be used to calculate probabilities via integrals and R doesn't do integrals. * Inches only. The Square D QO Value Pack 200 Amp Main Breaker 42-Space 42-Circuit Convertible Indoor Plug-on Neutral Load Center for Plug-on Neutral breakers is UL listed for residential, commercial and industrial power distribution. How do I cite this page? Ellis, P. h Type A thermal units for full load currents lower than those listed in this table are available. The first calculator is metric, whereas the second is inches. You can add a scientific keypad to calculate logarithms, a trigonometric keypad to calculate angles, and a fraction keypad to form, add, subtract, divide, and multiply fractions. Shows the list of US states by size. The Log Base 2 Calculator is used to calculate the log base 2 of a number x, which is generally written as lb(x) or log 2 (x). A scientific calculator supports calculations of trigonometric functions, such as sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, etc. Find financial calculators, mortgage rates, mortgage lenders, insurance quotes, refinance information, home equity loans, credit reports and home finance advice. TIPS (adapted from Google's Online Calculator Help) Parentheses can be used whenever they'll serve to make complicated expressions unambiguous, and also sets of parentheses can be used within parentheses; don't use brackets for grouping. Calculate interior space. This carbon dioxide emission calculator will help you gain an approximate idea of how many tons of carbon dioxide some of your activities generate and how many trees it would take to offset those emissions - free to use! Webmasters - get this script for your site. Then enter it into the BigNumber calculator (to enter say 8. How the Derivative Calculator Works. All of them are capable of performing exact computations. Protect your device. Free calculators for your every need. The coefficient of equation R^2 as an overall summary of the effectiveness of a least squares equation. The calculator is also available as an app for your mobile device or tablet. The Square Root Calculator will find the square root of the number you enter. More than just an online function properties finder. Online math calculators and solvers. Our calculators are pretty self-explanatory. Find out what you should earn with a customized salary estimate and negotiate pay with confidence. Sample Size Calculator. The Square Footage Calculator estimates the square footage of a lot, house, or other surfaces in several common shapes. The n gauge wire's cross sercional area A n in square inches (in 2) is equal to pi divided by 4 times the square wire diameter d in inches (in): A n (in 2) = (π/4)×d n 2 = 0. Calculate enormous mathematical equations from within your browser. Because commercial cleaning services provide help for a wide variety of property types—offices, restaurants, retail locations. Click here to go to Paul Ellis’s effect size website. The null hypothesis H 0 assumes that there is no association between the variables (in other words, one variable does not vary according to the other variable), while the alternative hypothesis H a claims that some association does exist. Scientific Calculator. Directions: Use the calculator above to calculate your square footage. For each of the next 1,000 square feet, or part thereof, add 1,000W. You might also like to read the more advanced topic Partial Sums. The Bostik Grout Calculator is a tool used to calculate the approximate amount of grout needed to complete your job. field location than the inverse square law predicts. Students, teachers, parents, and everyone can find solutions to their math problems instantly. Calculator is an indispensable tool for a businessman, financier, family man and even a schoolboy. Wilson, Ph. It is the size of a square that is one foot on a side. The best source for this information is the monthly utility bill or other local monitoring equipment. The square of a number is found by multiplying that number by itself. Interact live with your calculation: Add new elements or erase naturally with a scratch gesture. blocks = wall sq. Acme General Purpose Screw Threads per. The following are general instructions on how to determine the correct thermal units for your application. A sample standard deviation is an estimate, based on a sample, of a population standard deviation. Online calculator. The formula is shown below the calculator. Elbows (choose up to three different elbow types): Note: cannot mix round and regtangular ducts in a single calculation. Volume of a square pyramid given base side and height. The reputation of the "D" logo emblazoned on the company's conduit boxes led the company to choose the name Square D. Before clicking in each Ohm's Law calculator for the answer, enter numbers into the equation you wish to use to calculate for Current, Power, Resistance, or Voltage. Enter square foot/square meter living area by selecting from the drop down box As per NEC 220-3 (b) the floor area shall be computed from the outside dimensions of the dwelling unit. You can enter feet only, inches only or any combination of the two. Calculate Results Reset calculator Generate printable document Results. 50 kVA, 120 x 240V Primary, 16/32V Secondary, NEMA 1/3R by Square D (Schneider Electric) (500SV46B) at Graybar, your trusted resource for Dry-Type Transformers and other Square D (Schneider Electric) products. Please change your browser settings and reload. Please change your browser settings and reload. Want to conserve water? Not sure where to start? Our Water Calculator quickly estimates how much water your household uses and compares it to a similar average and a highly efficient home. To begin, enter your travel information in the fields below the map. Quick access. Then, in the diagram to the right, calculate and enter the value for each face of the prism. Edit calculations. If the rightmost digit is zero, then the code may be a value in pF instead of the 3-digit code. distancesfrom. Newton's law of gravity calculator solving for force given object 1 mass, object 2 mass and distance between objects Newton's Law Gravity Equations Formulas Calculator - Force Between Objects AJ Design. more specifically and without limitation, under no circumstances shall fastenal be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages, including, without limitation, loss of data or profit, property and equipment damage or injury, arising out of the use, or inability to use, the torque calculator, even if fastenal. If duct is non-circular, then D is computed as the hydraulic diameter of a rectangular duct, where D = 4A / P per our non-circular duct page. The toll calculator is based on your Mass Turnpike entry and exit points and calculates the toll costs of your entire trip on the Turnpike. R Squared Calculator is an online statistics tool for data analysis programmed to predict the future outcome with respect to the proportion of variability in the other data set. Volume of a wedge. 98; Take the square root of the result (Example: 310. The Kabbage Loan Calculator helps you estimate the monthly payments of a Kabbage loan based on sample fee rates. Volume of a. The angle between the adjacent sides are 90 degrees ie, all the angles are 90 degrees. If you do not know the product density, use the optional density estimator* or contact a local sales representative. Square root rules are a subset of n th root rules and exponent rules. 1987 Oct 22;317(17):1098. Then enter it into the BigNumber calculator (to enter say 8. Need a hand showing how to add the icon to your smart phone. Use the same formula as the RTV round mold (section 1) to calculate resin needed. Type your algebra problem into the text box. Brackets always come in pairs—an "opening" bracket before the extra information, and a "closing" bracket after it. Boundary Energy can be set at 5. Frequency distribution. You will find over 20 financial calculators related to retirement, savings, investments, mortgages, and loans. The phase-to-phase voltage for a 3-phase supply, or the phase-to-neutral voltage for a single phase supply. Punnett Square Calculator A Punnett Square * shows the genotype * s two individuals can produce when crossed. Calculator Use. d varies directly with w and inversely with the square of p In your equation, use k as the constant of proportionality. Protect your device. All About Circuits is one of the largest online electrical engineering communities in the world with over 300K engineers, who collaborate every day to innovate, design, and create. Calculator Instructions Determine your frame size using the body frame size calculator. The Water Calculator is a collaborative project of the Alliance for Water Efficiency and The Field Museum and was made possible by a grant from the Home Depot Foundation. Explore & Play with Surface Area In the animation below, hit the play button to watch the net fold up into a three-dimensional prism. Price as of 10/30/19. Square Footage Calculator. How to find out the volume of a cylinder. The chi-square goodness-of-fit test is applied to binned data (i. Square Retail is $60 per month. Rather, the student should know now to derive them. In coordinate geometry, a square is similar to an ordinary square (See Square definition ) with the addition that its position on the coordinate plane is known. I have run out of resources to sustain fitting the multilevel models, so for now, the ICC and multilevel R-squared sections are down. A high BMI can be an indicator of high body fatness. subnet-calculator. A rectangular contracted weir has a rectangular opening where the sides are straight up and down. [5] 2019/10/02 05:21 Male / 60 years old level or over / A retired person. After you have found the square footage of both your wall and your block, determining the number of blocks you need is as simple as dividing the wall square footage by the block square footage. See our other Electronics Calculators. Users can calculate energy savings at Square D lean tools web site NASHVILLE, Tenn. Concrete prices are complex and this page makes it easier to calculate and understand, local pricing issues as well as you can find local ready mix suppliers. John Doe's weight is 70 kilograms. Let's see if we can simplify 5 times the square root of 117. In a magic square you have to add 3 numbers again and again. 5 square miles to. SQUARE D NEC IEC Motor HP/Starter/Contactor/Wire/Data Calculator Slide Rule - $5. Our square root calculator will find the square root of the number you enter. Calculator Instructions Determine your frame size using the body frame size calculator. The metal weight calculator from Industrial metal Supply asks for some basic info to calculate the weight in pounds of your metal. Construction Valuation: Permit Fee Plan Review Fee State Surcharge Fee. Take 24 cubic inches x. This calculator finds the water flow rate for a rectangular contracted weir. com can calculate the shortest distance and the fastest distance between any two cities or locations. Venturi Flowmeter This calculator outputs the flowrate through a venturi constriction for a given pressure drop. Simply enter the desired value in the relevant box. Welcome to our calculators & online tools page. Get a quote for your next shipment. 98; Take the square root of the result (Example: 310. Online Calculators. Todays date is 11/1/2019 Calculate Cubic Inch Displacement. I the case of a square, all four sides are the same length, so the perimeter is four times the length of a side. The SI unit for pressure is the pascal (Pa) and is equal to one newton per square meter (N/m 2 or kg/m. Free calculators for your every need. Figure out how much you are going to have to pay in square fees, or how much to send to make sure the other person gets the correct amount. The average cost of upgrading an electrical panel to A 200 AMP service is $1,500 - 2,800. It will also show the perimeter of the shape. Calculating lighting load relies on a single equation: watts = volts x amps. Square D motor starters and contactors. If you do not know the product density, use the optional density estimator* or contact a local sales representative. Did you find us useful? Please consider supporting the site with a small donation. The Log Base 2 Calculator is used to calculate the log base 2 of a number x, which is generally written as lb(x) or log 2 (x). Volume of a truncated square pyramid. Let's see if we can simplify 5 times the square root of 117. For x0, take the decimal floating point aproximation to N displayed in the bottom box and calculate its square root using an ordinary calculator. Protect your device. The box on top is the numerator and the box at the bottom is the denominator. Airflow is measured in CFM, or cubic feet per minute. Type of Vehicle; If a pick-up truck was modified, you must select a passenger registration class. You need to enable JavaScript in your browser to work in this site. The laminates and frits available for selection are what reside in the database for use with the Window7. See our other Electronics Calculators. I the case of a square, all four sides are the same length, so the perimeter is four times the length of a side. The goal of this paper is to present a formula based on analysis of. Determine your wrist size by measuring your wrist just below your wrist bone with a tape measure. Turning Formula Calculator for SFM, RPM, inches per rev, inches per minute, and metal removal rates Turning Formula Interactive Calculator Solve for any subject variable in bold by entering values in the boxes on the left side of the equation and clicking the "Calculate" button. Please enter the necessary parameter values, and then click 'Calculate'. When you enter an expression into the calculator, the calculator will simplify the expression by expanding multiplication and combining like terms. Venturi Flowmeter This calculator outputs the flowrate through a venturi constriction for a given pressure drop. 00 each, subject to motor control discounts. Square Point Of Sale The Square Point of Sale app is just about the most powerful app you can get for free, and it rivals many subscription options, too. Estimate how much product your project requires with the calculator below. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: